Image composition, stable, instable, diagonal, powerful and spiral composition.
A triangle with its base pointing down is the most stable picture composition. This was very common during the Renaissance. Example: Giovanni Battista Piazzetta (1683-1754)
A composition based on a triangle with the base pointing upwards will be considered instable. This can be a way to create motion and activity in an image. Example: William-Adolphe Bouguereau (1825-1905)
Spiral – baroque
An image composed as a spiral gives a powerful and dynamic effect. This type of composition was common during the baroque era. Example: Caravaggio (1571-1610)
Simple and tangible
The square composition is the most stable, simple and tangible. It creates calm and harmony in an image. Vilhelm Hammershöi (1864-1916)
Growing or shrinking
A circle composition can be seen as simple and complete. The effect can be a feeling of growth or of shrinking. Example: Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665)
Example: Frans Hals (1582-1666)
Example: Claude Monet (1840-1926)
Static or horizontal motion
Example: J. M. W. Turner (1775-1851)
Static with diagonal
Example: Cezanne (1839-1906)
Diagonal towards the right
A diagonal motion towards the right gives a stronger feeling of space than a diagonal towards the left. When we read pictures the eye moves from left to right which is also how we are used to reading text.
Towards right is stronger. Example: Cezanne (1839-1906)
Towards left is weaker.
Diagonal – strong motion
Example: Anders Zorn (1860-1920)